What are the phases of criminal investigation?
Applied to the criminal realm, a criminal investigation refers to the process of collecting information (or evidence) about a crime in order to: (1) determine if a crime has been committed; (2) identify the perpetrator; (3) apprehend the perpetrator; and (4) provide evidence to support a conviction in court.
What are the 7 basic steps in crime scene investigation?
7 Steps of a Crime Scene Investigation
- Identify Scene Dimensions. Locate the focal point of the scene. …
- Establish Security. Tape around the perimeter. …
- Create a Plan & Communicate. Determine the type of crime that occurred. …
- Conduct Primary Survey. …
- Document and Process Scene. …
- Conduct Secondary Survey. …
- Record and Preserve Evidence.
What are the 5 steps in crime scene investigation?
INTERVIEW, EXAMINE, PHOTOGRAPH, SKETCH and PROCESS.
What are the 4 stages of a criminal trial?
A California jury trial typically proceeds as follows:
- jury selection,
- opening statements,
- presentation of evidence,
- closing arguments,
- jury deliberations,
- verdict, and finally, if necessary,
What are the 3 tools of investigation?
Tools To establish facts and develop evidence, a criminal investigator must use these tools-information, interview, interrogation, and instrumentation. 3.
What is the Golden Rule of Criminal Investigation?
The Golden Rule in Criminal Investigation. “ Do not touch, alter, move, or transfer any object at the crime scene unless it is properly marked, measured, sketched and/or photographed .”
What is the first thing you do at a crime scene?
Conduct a primary survey/walkthrough – An initial survey of the scene is then conducted to prioritize evidence collection. During this walkthrough, the lead investigator will identify potentially valuable evidence, take notes and capture initial photographs of the scene and the evidence.
How do you start a crime scene investigation career?
Steps to Becoming a Crime Scene Investigator (CSI)
- Step 1: Graduate from high school (four years). …
- Step 2: Enroll in a law enforcement academy or pursue a college degree in CSI (two to four years). …
- Step 3: Obtain professional certification and join associations (timeline varies).
What are the four patterns of evidence?
Common search patterns include the spiral, strip/line, grid, zone/quadrant, and pie/ wheel.
What are the basics of processing a crime scene?
Documentation, collection, and preservation of evidence are crucial steps in criminal investigation and often provide the basis for effective identification, documentation, prosecution, and conviction of perpetrators.
What are the four ways to document a crime scene?
There are several methods of documentation: Notes, photography, sketches, and video are all important. Note taking is one of the most important parts of processing the crime scene.
How do you collect evidence from a crime scene?
Prioritize the order of evidence collection. Collect large items first and then proceed to the trace evidence. USE CAUTION WHEN WALKING THE CRIME SCENE. Once the trace evidence is collected via vacuuming, taping, or tweezing, take blood samples, remove bullets, dust for fingerprints, and so on.
What are the 8 stages of a criminal trial?
Learn how your criminal defense attorney can help you at each of the 8 key steps in your case.
- Arrest. If a law enforcement officer has probable cause to believe you have committed a crime, they may arrest you. …
- Bail. …
- Formal Charges. …
- Investigation and Discovery. …
- Motions. …
- Negotiation and Settlement. …
- Trial. …
How do I know if Im being charged?
You Could Request a Warrant Check and Ask for a Copy of the Police Report. If you suspect you may have been charged even though you haven’t been arrested or received any summons, you can always contact your local police department for information.
Can you be charged but not convicted?
You may never be charged with a crime. You may be charged but the charges may later be dropped or dismissed. Finally, you may be charged, go to trial and be acquitted (found “not guilty”). In all of these situations, you have been arrested but not convicted.