What factors define a crime scene?
A crime scene is any location that may be associated with a committed crime. Crime scenes contain physical evidence that is pertinent to a criminal investigation. This evidence is collected by crime scene investigators (CSIs) and law enforcement.
What are the types of crime scene?
There are three types of crime scenes:
What defines the size of a crime scene?
The size of a crime scene is usually defined by the area where the criminal acts have taken place. This includes all areas where the suspect has had any interaction or activity within that scene, including points of entry and points of exit.
What are the five components of crime scene documentation?
There are five major components to any Crime Scene Investigation process:
- Common Sense.
What are the 7 basic steps in crime scene investigation?
7 Steps of a Crime Scene Investigation
- Identify Scene Dimensions. Locate the focal point of the scene. …
- Establish Security. Tape around the perimeter. …
- Create a Plan & Communicate. Determine the type of crime that occurred. …
- Conduct Primary Survey. …
- Document and Process Scene. …
- Conduct Secondary Survey. …
- Record and Preserve Evidence.
What is the Golden Rule of Criminal Investigation?
The Golden Rule in Criminal Investigation. “ Do not touch, alter, move, or transfer any object at the crime scene unless it is properly marked, measured, sketched and/or photographed .”
What are the 5 types of evidence?
Consider this your cheat sheet for understanding the many different types of evidence.
- Direct evidence. …
- Circumstantial evidence. …
- Physical evidence. …
- Individual physical evidence. …
- Class physical evidence. …
- Forensic evidence. …
- Trace evidence. …
- Testimonial evidence.
What are the 5 steps in processing a crime scene?
INTERVIEW, EXAMINE, PHOTOGRAPH, SKETCH and PROCESS.
What are two types of evidence?
There are two types of evidence; namely, direct evidence and circumstantial evidence.
What is the first thing you do at a crime scene?
Conduct a primary survey/walkthrough – An initial survey of the scene is then conducted to prioritize evidence collection. During this walkthrough, the lead investigator will identify potentially valuable evidence, take notes and capture initial photographs of the scene and the evidence.
What should you not do at a crime scene?
Here are 5 things you should and should NOT do when a crime scene or traumatic incident occurs in your home, business or property.
- 1 – Do NOT touch, or have anyone else touch anything. …
- 2 – Do NOT clean it yourself, or have a family member or employee clean up.
What are the three phases of criminal investigation?
Applied to the criminal realm, a criminal investigation refers to the process of collecting information (or evidence) about a crime in order to: (1) determine if a crime has been committed; (2) identify the perpetrator; (3) apprehend the perpetrator; and (4) provide evidence to support a conviction in court.
What are the four main types of documentation at a crime scene?
The categories are summary, scene (including a detailed body description if in a death investigation), processing, evidence collected, and pending.
What is the most important part of a crime scene?
Note taking is one of the most important parts of processing the crime scene. It forces investigators to be more observant; when writing things down, people frequently remember details that may otherwise be overlooked. Notes should be complete and thorough, written clearly and legibly.
What are the four methods of documenting a crime scene?
Sketching—A crime scene sketch is a permanent record of the size and distance relationship of the crime scene and the physical evidence within it.
- Reports and note-taking. (sometimes audio)
- Crime scene sketching.