What is chain of custody in forensic investigation?

Definition(s): A process that tracks the movement of evidence through its collection, safeguarding, and analysis lifecycle by documenting each person who handled the evidence, the date/time it was collected or transferred, and the purpose for the transfer.

What is a chain of custody and why is it important in forensics?

The chain of custody is important to the investigation process because it is the first step when authenticating digital audio and video evidence. Identifying this chain of custody provides information about whether or not this evidence has been copied or cloned.

What do you mean by chain of custody explain?

Chain of Custody refers to the logical sequence that records the sequence of custody, control, transfer, analysis and disposition of physical or electronic evidence in legal cases. Each step in the chain is essential as if broke, the evidence may be rendered inadmissible.

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What is meant by chain of custody and what role does it play in a criminal investigation?

Chain of custody refers to the documentation that establishes a record of the control, transfer, and disposition of evidence in a criminal case.

What is chain custody and its importance in court?


The chain of custody is the most critical process of evidence documentation. It is a must to assure the court of law that the evidence is authentic, i.e., it is the same evidence seized at the crime scene.

What is the purpose of chain of custody?

The Chain of Custody Form (CCF or CoC) is used to record all changes in the seizure, custody, control, transfer, analysis, and disposition of physical and electronic evidence. A typical Chain of Custody Form will describe the evidence and detail the location and conditions under which the evidence was collected.

What are the steps of chain of custody?

The chain of custody is a tracking record beginning with detailed scene notes that describe where the evidence was received or collected. Collection techniques, preservation, packaging, transportation, storage and creation of the inventory list are all part of the process used in establishing the chain of custody.

How is the chain of custody maintained?

To maintain the chain of custody for evidence collected during medical forensic examinations, label each item of evidence with the initials of everyone who handled it, the date, a description and source of the specimen, the name of the examiner, and the name of the patient.

What happens when chain of custody is broken?

What Happens If Chain of Custody is Broken. … If the chain of custody is broken, vital evidence could be deemed legally worthless. This often happens if the chain of custody form or evidence bag is mislabeled, if the transfer takes an unreasonable amount of time, or if the evidence falls into the wrong hands.

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How would you know if the crime was staged?

Typically, evidence or bodies will be moved, or there will be signs of a break-in that did not actually happen. A crime scene is often staged to make a murder appear like an accident or suicide. … A murderer may move a body into the bathroom and pretend the victim fell when he or she got out of the bath or shower.

What is considered direct evidence?

Direct evidence is a piece of evidence often in the form of the testimony of witnesses or eyewitness accounts. Examples of direct evidence are when a person testifies that he/she: saw an accused commit a crime, heard another person say a certain word or words, or. observed a certain act take place.

What is the chain of custody and why is it important quizlet?

The purpose of the chain of custody is to document a piece of evidence from the time it was obtained to the time it is disposed. This means keepinga clear record of who had access to the evidence, where it was transported to and if any changes of status to the evidence such as testing or copying of the evidence.

Who is responsible for the custody of the collected pieces of evidence after its collection?

An identifiable person must always have the physical custody of a piece of evidence. In practice, this means that a police officer or detective will take charge of a piece of evidence, document its collection, and hand it over to an evidence clerk for storage in a secure place.

What is considered circumstantial evidence?

Circumstantial evidence, in law, evidence not drawn from direct observation of a fact in issue. If a witness testifies that he saw a defendant fire a bullet into the body of a person who then died, this is direct testimony of material facts in murder, and the only question is whether the witness is telling the truth.

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