What does the wedding cake model of criminal justice do quizlet?

The “Wedding Cake” model is a model of the criminal justice process whereby a four-tiered hierarchy exists, with a few celebrated cased to at the top, and lower tiers increasing in size as the severity of cases becomes less (serious felonies, felonies, and misdemeanors).

What layer of criminal justice is the wedding cake?

The top ‘layer‘ of the ‘wedding cake‘ includes ‘celebrated cases’; the second and third ‘layer‘ are comprised of two general categories of felonies; the fourth ‘layer‘ consists primarily of misdemeanors, minor theft cases, and crimes against persons or property.

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Why is the criminal justice wedding cake model more realistic?

Why is the criminal justice wedding cake model more realistic than a linear model depicting the criminal justice system? Because the wedding-cake model can show differences in treating various cases depending on specific factors of each situation, such a seriousness of the charge or a defendant’s resources.

What are the four tiers of the wedding cake model of criminal justice and how is discretion by criminal justice officials used differently at each stage?

The theory divides the proceedings in the criminal justice system into four different categories: celebrated cases, serious felonies, lesser felonies and misdemeanors. Criminal justice officials handle individual cases differently, but there is a high level of consistency.

What type of crime is found on the bottom layer of the criminal justice wedding cake quizlet?

The bottom layer of the wedding cake consists of misdemeanors, such as possession charges.

What are the 3 components of the criminal justice system?

Three main components make up the criminal justice system: law enforcement, courts, and corrections.

What is the conflict perspective on the criminal justice system?

Conflict theorists believe that the broad division of people into these two categories is inherently unequal. They cite the criminal justice system to support their claim. The capitalist class passes laws designed to benefit themselves. These same laws are detrimental to the working class.

How does the wedding cake model illustrate how cases are processed by the criminal justice system?

The wedding cake model theory divides the criminal justice system into into four layers: celebrated cases, serious felonies, lesser felonies and misdemeanors.

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What’s considered a serious crime?

Felonies are the most serious type of crime and are often classified by degrees, with a first degree felony being the most serious. They include terrorism, treason, arson, murder, rape, robbery, burglary, and kidnapping, among others.

What are the basic elements of each model or perspective on justice?

Answer 4: The basic elements of each perspective on justice are Crime Control, Rehabilitation, Due Process, Nonintervention, Equal Justice and Restorative Justice.

Which of the following is the highest level of proof?

“Beyond a reasonable doubt” is the highest legal standard. This is the standard the U.S. Constitution requires the government to meet in order to prove a defendant guilty of a crime. (In re Winship, 397 U.S. 358, 364 (1970).)

How many layers are there on the criminal justice wedding cake quizlet?

The “Wedding Cake” model is a model of the criminal justice process whereby a four-tiered hierarchy exists, with a few celebrated cased to at the top, and lower tiers increasing in size as the severity of cases becomes less (serious felonies, felonies, and misdemeanors).

What are the major crime categories covered in the UCR?

The committee determined seven crimes fundamental to comparing crime rates: murder and non-negligent manslaughter, forcible rape, burglary, aggravated assault, larceny and motor vehicle theft (the eighth, arson, was added under a congressional directive in 1979).

What is stressed in the law on the books perspective on mandatory minimum sentences?

Which is the primary purpose of a pre-sentence investigation report? … What stressed in the law on the books perspective on mandatory minimum sentences? certainty of punishment. 68.

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